topic of the discovery of Penicillin.
This paper is for an Informative Speech. I have chosen the topic of the discovery of Penicillin. I have chosen some resources and created an outline already. Suzanne Messick Informative Speech Outline: Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: Following my speech my audience will be able to explain how penicillin was invented. Central Idea: The invention of penicillin changed the face of modern medicine. A. Introduction (The introduction should grab the audience’s attention.) 1. If I asked you to name the most important discovery in the twentieth century I would no doubt get many answers. Most people would completely miss one of the most important discoveries of that century: penicillin. a. My topic is the invention of penicillin and its importance. b. The discovery of penicillin completely changed the face of modern medicine. c. Today I am going to speak to you about the discovery of penicillin, the importance of penicillin, and its impact on WW2. B. Body of Speech (Provides the audience with information regarding your topic) 1. Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1928 a. Alexander Fleming went on vacation on week and came back to a petri dish with bacteria, save for one area that did not have any because of penicillium. b. While Fleming made penicillin famous in 1928 with its ability to inhibit bacteria growth, the compound’s potential wasn’t taken seriously until the summer of 1941. 2. Penicillin saved thousands of lives during WW2 a. Though penicillin was still a ways off from becoming the medicine that we know today, it still made huge advancements for our military in the latter stages of WW2. b. A lead scientist for the effort of producing penicillin wrote, “Whatever course we were to take, we had to be sure of that D-Day supply.” 3. Prior to the introduction of penicillin there was no effective treatment for infections like pneumonia, gonorrhea, and bronchitis. a. Before penicillin the average life expectancy was just 47 years old with infectious diseases being the main cause of death. b. The discovery of the penicillin mold led to the antibiotic revolution which completely changed our demographics and changed our leading causes of death. Informative Speech Requirements (5 to 6 minutes) 125 Points “Informative speeches share information with others to enhance their knowledge or understanding of the information, concepts and ideas you present.” “An Event, Discovery, Situation or Influential Person from the 20th Century (1900 to 1999) that Has Made a Significant Impact on Our Lives in the 21st Century” will be your general topic for the Informative Speech. This means your topic is historically based and has significance for us living in the 21st Century. Question older members of your family about events that have taken place during their lifetime or their parents’ and grandparents’ lifetimes. These family stories may help you choose a topic you are interested in researching. Jot down some ideas from class discussions to get your speech started! Your Task • Dazzle your classmates with little known or often forgotten information. • Organize your presentation in a simple yet interesting manner. • Facilitate recall and understanding by using interesting examples, anecdotes, etc. • Make sure I approve your topic. • Provide your instructor with a typed speech. • Use notecards! Length: Your speech should be approximately five to six minutes long. Maximum time is 6:30. Penalty is 3 points for every :30 seconds beyond 6:30. Instructor will not grade speeches under 4:00. Recommended timing to keep you within the time constrains: 1 minute for the introduction, minutes for the body of the speech, and 1 minute for the conclusion. Speaking to Inform Most presentations/speeches in the academic or professional realm are informative in nature. A good informative speaker provides an audience with relevant information in an unbiased and somewhat disconnected manner; he or she does not advocate a particular stance or point of view during the presentation. Know the audience Effort should be made to relate your topic to the average college student. Key principles for informative speeches 1. Be relevant. You have the responsibility of connecting the information you are presenting to the interests and needs of your audience. 2. Be organized. You should organize your information into clear, easily handled segments. 3. Be Interesting. Interest and learning are positively related. Find illustrations to support your points that your audience can relate. 4. Repetition works. Use more than one example to illustrate your key points. Cover less information in more depth. 5. Be prepared. Rehearse your speech alone and in the presence of others several times before you present it. Supporting your points, illustrating your material: The quality of an informative presentation is directly related to the quality of the information provided. Use credible sources to support your points. For example, Newsweek is a credible media source; is not. If you have questions about whether a particular source is credible, ask a reference librarian. Also, make sure you include enough examples, statistics, anecdotes, etc., to illustrate your main points. It’s better to have three main points and plenty of supporting evidence than to have five weakly supported main points. Supporting materials tips: Authorities – If you are using information from other sources, let your audience know who these sources are and where they can be found. For example, “Aristotle is quoted in his book ON RHETORIC as saying . . . ” Statistics – Include only relevant statistics and provide verbal illustrations that help the audience conceptualize the importance of the statistics. For example, after saying, “The average blue whale is about 80 ft. long,” say “That’s equivalent to three school buses parked back to back.” CAUTION: Too many statistical citations confuse even the most sophisticated audience. Facts – A statement is factual if it can be proved or disproved using the scientific method, everything else is opinion. Explanation – Explanations, examples and anecdotes improve the understanding of an informative speech. Provide explanations whenever there is even a remote chance the audience could be confused. Written speech: Must be fully written and typed, double-spaced. Instructor will not grade a speech that does not contain paragraphs. Delivery should not be word-for-word. In the real world, speeches are fully written. Visual Aids: At least 2 and no more than 5. Videos used during the speech may be no longer than 20 seconds. Extra Credit (up to 10 points): Assignment MUST be complete. Any additional information that you feel would help as I grade your speech; for example, your process for narrowing your speech to the appropriate time limit. This could be a paragraph describing the editing process or a first or second draft of your speech with clearly defined edits (highlight these).