What is the present value of The Aspen Restaurant, assuming that it is a development- stage venture?

Problem #1
[Venture Present Values] Ben Toucan, owner of the Aspen Restaurant, wants to determine the present value of his investment. The Aspen Restaurant is currently in the development stage but hopes to “begin” operations early next year. After-tax cash flows during the next five years are expected to be as follows: Year 1 = 0, Year 2 = 0, Year 3 = 0, Year 4 = $2.5 million, and Year 5 = $3 million. Cash inflows are expected to be $3.18 million in Year 6 and are expected to grow at a 6 percent annual rate thereafter. Recall from Chapter 7 that venture investors often use different discount rates when valuing ventures at various stages of their life cycles. For example, target discount rates by life cycle stage are development stage, 50 percent; startup stage, 40 percent; survival stage, 35 percent; and early rapid-growth stage, 30 percent. As ventures move from their late rapid-growth stages and into their maturity stages, a 20 percent discount rate is often used.
A. Determine The Aspen Restaurant’s terminal or horizon value at the end of five years, assuming the venture will be entering its maturity stage.
B. What is the present value of The Aspen Restaurant, assuming that it is a development- stage venture?
C. What percent ownership interest should Ben Toucan be willing to give today to a venture investor, Sherri Isitar, for her $1 million investment?
D. Let’s assume that The Aspen Restaurant was started early last year and, thus, is in its startup stage and has the same future cash flow expectations as indicated earlier. Using a typical startup-stage required rate of return or discount rate, calculate the present value of The Aspen Restaurant.
Problem #2:
[Present Value Valuation Concepts] Assume the forecasted cash flows presented in Problem #2 in the Textbook for the TecOne Corporation venture also hold for the LowTec venture. However, investors in LowTec have an expected rate of return of 30 percent on their investment until Year 6 when the rate of return is expected to drop to 18 percent. The perpetuity growth rate for cash flows after Year 6 is expected to be 7 percent.
A. Determine the present value for the LowTec venture.
B. If an outside investor offers to invest $1,500,000 dollars today, what percentage ownership in LowTec should be given to the new investor?
Cash Flow
Requirements:
Make sure that the formulas, steps for calculation and explanation should be included in your work to receive full credit.

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