What was Dr. Payne’s first experience with the awareness of inequality?

For this activity, please do the following:
1. Listen to the Podcast and then answer questions below.
-Podcast: Hidden Brain – Why Nobody Feels Rich: The Psychology of Inequality-
If you prefer to read the transcriipts you can use this link: npr.org/transcriipts/912749547
Questions to answer based on the podcast:
-What was Dr. Payne’s first experience with the awareness of inequality?
-Dr. Payne describes a study in which researchers looked at data from millions of flights to look at what predicted incidents of “air rage”. What did the study find?
-The interviewer acknowledges that planes with first class cabins may also be more likely to be larger with more passengers and may have longer flights – all factors that could also explain the correlation found between air rage and planes with first class cabins. What is another indication then that seeing inequality between first class and coach does, in fact, seem to affect passengers?
-We seem to have a “pronounced tendency” to make upward comparisons. Even though the reasons for this are not fully understood, what is one of the potential reasons offered by Dr. Payne? What might be an adaptive function to making upward comparisons?
-What are the downsides of making upward comparisons?
-What is Dr. Payne referring to when he uses the term “broken ladder”?
-What are the effects of experiencing of inequality on our minds and bodies?
-What is the best predictor of crime and other health and social outcomes in the poorer countries? What is the stronger predictor of these things in wealthy countries?
-What is the correlation between the level of income inequality and level of political polarization? What happens as income inequality increases?
-20:00 The researchers Michael Norton and Dan Ariely once asked volunteers what kind of a country they would like to live in. The first option was shown as a pie chart showing a country where the top 20% own a third of the wealth and the bottom 20% own 10% of the wealth. The second option showed a pie chart in which the top 20% own 84% of the wealth and the bottom 20% own 0.1% of the wealth. The first pie chart represented actual data from which country? The second “very unequal” pie chart represented actual data from which country?
-In 2005, when the study described above was done, what percentage of Republicans and what percentage of Democrats preferred option one over option two?
-What, according to Dr. Payne, would have happened if those pie charts would have been labeled with their respective countries?
30:00 Why, according to Dr. Payne, is there “not really any option of not thinking about inequality”?
-What does Dr. Payne suggest as a “wiser” way to compare ourselves to others?

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