explain the experiment investigating the effect of ice on water temperature, modeling sea ice in the face of climate change.
ENVR 1401 Sea-Ice/Climate Change Lab Report
This lab report should explain the experiment investigating the effect of ice on water temperature, modeling sea ice in the face of climate change.
The report must be typed, and all figures, charts, graphs etc. used must be computer generated.
The report will be due no later than the date noted in your syllabus. Please attach the final report to a Blackboard message or email as a Microsoft Word document.
Your Lab Report must include the following:
TITLE of the lab experiment, your name, and the name(s) of any co-author(s) to your report.
ABSTRACT: The purpose of an abstract is to allow the reader to judge whether it would serve his or her purposes to read the entire report. A good abstract is a concise (100 to 200 words) summary of the purpose of the report, the data presented, and the author’s major conclusions. The abstract is written last, so that you have all of the information you need to write a short summary (which is basically an abstract).
INTRODUCTION: This section will provide a brief overview of the problem, or question you are researching. It includes the relevant background and citations to the literature. You must cite at least two peer-reviewed journal articles in your report.
Your introduction should include the following to familiarize the reader with all the relevant information pertaining to your study:
a. A short synopsis of climate, climate change, and its context in the arctic environment
b. A brief descriiption of why this issue is of importance to global climate cycles
c. Your research question and hypothesis (Be sure to include your independent and dependent variables)
MATERIALS and METHODS: This section describes the procedure and equipment used to conduct your experiment. This section should be very accurate and detailed.
RESULTS: This section includes the data collected. The data should be presented in three ways: table, graph, and a brief descriiption of the results in paragraph form.
a. The table(s) should be very simple and easy for the reader to understand- with columns and rows properly labeled and titles for each table (i.e., Table 1: Temperature). The title for each table should be immediately above the table.
b. Graphs should be computer-generated. Be sure to include titles of each graph and properly labeled x- and y- axes. The title for graphs should be immediately below the graph or figure (i.e., Figure 1: Temperature).
DISCUSSION: This section discusses the results and draws conclusions based on these results. In this section, you should state whether the data collected supports or rejects your hypotheses and what that means in relation to the overview and background information you presented in the introduction (you may include citations here as well). Any procedures or processes that may have affected the results (i.e., equipment malfunctions, procedural errors, etc.) should also be explained in this section. Suggestions for the improvement of techniques or experimental design may also be included here. In writing this section, you should explain the logic that allows you to accept or reject your original hypotheses, supported with references where appropriate. You should also be able to suggest future experiments that might clarify areas of doubt in your results.
LITERATURE CITED: Cite any sources used in your lab report. You must cite at least two peer-reviewed journal articles in your report. All sources must be cited in the body of your report and listed in this section according to the APA format.
Fox, J.W. 1988. Nest-building behavior of the catbird, Dumetella carolinensis. Journal of Ecology 47: 113-17.
Bird, W.Z. 1990. Ecological aspects of fox reproduction. Berlin: Guttenberg Press.
For chapters in books:
Smith, C.J. 1989. Basal cell carcinomas. In Histological aspects of cancer, ed. C.D. Wilfred, pp. 278-91. Boston: Medical Press.
When citing references in the text, refer to articles by the author’s name and the date the paper was published. For example:
1. Fox in 1988 investigated the hormones on the nest-building behavior of catbirds.
2. Hormones are known to influence the nest-building behavior of catbirds (Fox, 1988).
When citing papers that have two authors, both names must be listed.
When three or more authors are involved, the Latin et al. (et alia) meaning “and others” may be used.
A paper by Smith, Lynch, Merrill, and Beam published in 1989 would be cited in the text as:
Smith et al. (1989) have shown that…
Grading Rubric for the completed lab report.
*Please note that incomplete reports will not be graded and you will receive a zero for the assignment.
Criteria Excellent Good Needs Improvement
Descriiptive introduction including problem statement, research question, hypothesis, Ind/dep variables (20 pts) Includes all elements required, and provides background discussion relevant to the topic that establishes the scientific merit of the topic being researched with citations sufficient to support the merit of the work. Includes all elements required, but lacks either relevant discussion that establishes the scientific merit of the topic being researched or lacks citations sufficient to support the merit of the work. Lacks one or more of the required elements and/or lacks relevant discussion that establishes the scientific merit of the topic being researched or lacks citations sufficient to support the merit of the work.
Clear, complete results (15 pts) Results section includes a presentation of relevant data in graphic and tabular format, with a written descriiption of the significant results. Results section includes a presentation of relevant data in either graphic or tabular format, or the data is incomplete, or lacks a written descriiption of the significant results. Results section lacks a presentation of relevant data in graphic and tabular format, or the data is incomplete and lacks a written descriiption of the significant results.
Thorough discussion including whether the data support or refute the hypothesis (25 pts) The discussion specifies whether the data support/refute the hypothesis, and includes relevant interpretation of the results, including the relevance to the problem being investigated, meaningful applications of the information gained, and any complicating biases to the data. Includes supporting citations. The discussion specifies whether the data support/refute the hypothesis, but lacks one of the following: relevant interpretation of the results, relevance to the problem being investigated, meaningful applications of the information gained, or complicating biases to the data. Includes supporting citations. The discussion does not specify whether the data support/refute the hypothesis.
Report structure including all sections and format (10 pts) Report is properly formatted and includes all sections as specified in the report instructions. The report lacks one element/section required for proper formatting The report lacks two or more elements/sections required for proper formatting
Sufficient literature review (10 pts) Literature cited includes at least two peer-reviewed articles (incl. one that you found on your own) and two additional sources, is properly formatted and cited within the paper. Literature cited includes only two peer-reviewed articles (incl. one that you found on your own) and is properly formatted and cited within the paper. Literature cited lacks at least two peer-reviewed articles (and/or one that you found on your own) and/or is improperly formatted and cited within the paper.
Demonstrates understanding (20 pts) The overall content is thorough, covering all relevant aspects of the assignment, elaborating on the scientific relevance and significance of the findings. The overall content covers all relevant aspects of the assignment, but does not elaborate significantly on either the scientific relevance and/or significance of the findings. The overall content does not cover all relevant aspects of the assignment and does not elaborate significantly on either the scientific relevance or significance of the findings.