What are the main characteristics of presidential systems?
Answer the following questions one page each
1) In the 1970s, most South American countries were governed by a military regime of some kind. In a brief period of time, between the late 1970s and late 1980s, all of these countries democratized. Explain the main domestic and international factors that contributed to this wave of democratization; and describe the process through which these democratic transitions occurred.
3) All Latin American countries have presidential systems of government. What are the main characteristics of presidential systems? What are the main problems or perils of presidential systems according to the “critics of presidentialism” (e.g. Linz)? Do you agree with these negative claims about presidentialism? Or do you think that the critics of presidentialism exaggerated the problems of presidential systems and/or neglected some of the advantages of presidentialism?