Participants were recruited via flyers around campus

1‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍. Report Information 1.1. Report Topic + Starter References The research report is on the topic of whether watching funny videos helps buffer against stress. The report is writing up a scientific study that has been conducted. More specific details of the study’s hypotheses, methodology, and a dataset containing the data, will be provided across the coming weeks. You have been provided with three compulsory starter references. These are scientific papers that you must read, use to write your report, and cite in your report. These can be found in Leganto (in the “Research Report” group) and are: Fritz, H. L., Russek, L. N., & Dillon, M. M. (2017). Humor use moderates the relation of stressful life events with psychological distress. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43(6), 845-859. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0146167217699583 van Steenbergen, H., de Bruijn, E. R., van Duijvenvoorde, A. C., & van Harmelen, A. L. (2021). How positive affect buffers stress responses. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 39, 153-160. Zander-Schellenberg, T., Collins, I. M., Miché, M., Guttmann, C., Lieb, R., & Wahl, K. (2020). Does laughing have a stress-buffering effect in daily life? An intensive longitudinal study. Plos One, 15(7), e0235851. Note that the Leganto “Research Report” section has a few other resources designed to help you write the report. 1. Report Information . Example research reports Looking at example APA-formatted research reports is a really good idea to help you see what a report should look like. Example part 1 research report (click here to download PDF): this is an example report that we have put together from a previous offering of STAT1103/STAX1103. This will give you a good idea of what your Part 1 report should look like. Example part 2 research report (click here to download PDF): this is an example report that we have put together from a previous offering of STAT1103/STAX1103. This will give you a good idea of what your Part 2 report should look like. You can also have a look at an annotated APA paper (click here to download PDF) from the official APA people. Note that this has some requirements that you don’t need to follow (for example, a running head is not necessary for you), but it’s a great example of a real-life psych research paper. STAT1103 / STAX1103 Research Report: Assignment Sheet Session 1 2022 For your research report assessment task, you are to write up an empirical, quantitative psychology research study as if you were the researcher who conducted it. The structure and requirements of this report align with the APA guidelines for writing empirical research papers. This document will provide you with the details you need to write up your research report. Your tutorial time will work through some of this content. Your job for the research report is to write this up in proper psychology report format: you cannot copy and paste this content [with the exception of the hypotheses] into your report! Have a good read through this document, as well as all the Research Report Resources (posted on iLearn). You will also be given a dataset (via iLearn), containing the data obtained from the study. The recommend textbook “How to Write Psychology Research Reports and Assignments” will also be exceptionally helpful! Starter References Fritz, ., Russek, ., & Dillon, . (2017). Humor use moderates the relation of stressful life events with psychological distress. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43(6), 845- 859. van Steenbergen, H., de Bruijn, ., van Duijvenvoorde, ., & van Harmelen, A-L. (2021). How positive affect buffers stress responses. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 39, 153-160. Zander-Schellenberg, T., Collins, ., Miche, M., Guttmann, C., Lieb, R., & Wahl, K. (2020). Does laughing have a stress-buggering effect in daily life? An intensive longitudinal study. PLoS ONE, 15(7), e0235851. You need to read these 3 papers as part of your research report preparation (find them on Leganto) and should cite all 3 in your report. You need to find more papers beyond the starter references, as well, but there is no set number of papers that you need to cite in your report! Study Hypotheses The study investigated whether watching funny videos buffers against negative effects of stress. The research hypotheses are: 1. People who watch the funny video clip will report higher positive affect compared to those who watch the neutral video clip 2. People who watch the funny video clip will report lower stress compared to those who watch the neutral video clip 3. Greater positive affect will be associated with lower levels of stress Note: the hypotheses are the only things from this document that CAN (and should!) be copied and pasted word-for-word into your report. Your report must cover all three hypotheses. 2 Data You will receive access to a dataset posted on iLearn by Week 4. You will need to summarise and analyse the data in order to present the relevant content for the method section and results section of your report. Each student will be randomly allocated to a version of the data file (there are multiple versions) so that each student’s results will be slightly different. You must write up the results from YOUR version of the data file. It can be considered an issue of academic integrity if you do not use your own data file for the report. Methods The dataset that you will receive will contain the data obtained from the study. This information below explains details of the methods. Also consult the full study materials at the end of this document. Participants: • Sample is constituted of 200 university students from Macquarie University • Participants were recruited via flyers around campus • The demographic information you have about each participant is their gender and age Study Materials: • Participants were randomly allocated into either the experimental condition or the control condition; all participants were to watch a video when feeling stressed • Positive affect was measured using the positive feelings subscale of the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (Diener et al., 2010), adapted to reflect current experience. The 6 items were summed together to make a total positive feeling score where higher scores represent greater positive feeling. • Stress was measured using a single item, “How stressed do you feel in this moment?”, on a scale of 0 to 100. Design and Procedure: • This was an experimental study; participants were randomly allocated to either the funny video or control (neutral video) condition • Students were recruited for the study from October to November 2021. They signed up to the study via a website. • Upon signing up, students completed some demographic questions and received instructions to complete the rest of the study within the next week • Participants were asked to watch a provided video clip when feeling stressed at any time across the following week o Participants in the funny video condition were given a compilation of funny videos including human fail videos and videos of cute animals o Participants in the control condition were given a neutral video consisting of humans and animals engaging in monotonous activities such as humans crossing a road and fish swimming. • After watching the video, students completed the positive feelings scale and the single item measure of stress. They completed this only once. • This study has ethical approval from Macquarie University Human Research Ethics Committee. 3 Results You’ll need to c‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍onduct your own data analysis (from your dataset) to provide the results of the study. The results section of your report should include both descriptive summary statistics and also the results of hypothesis testing from statistical analyses (that you’ll need to conduct yourself). Formatting and writing guidelines • Generally, your report should follow the APA Publication Manual (7th Edition), unless specific instructions are provided in this document. • A running head is not necessary • Use Times New Roman font in size 12 point • On the title page, ensure you include the word count and your tutor’s name • Each half-report submission should be a maximum of 800 words (total excluding the title page, abstract, and reference list) o Part 1 should contain a title page, introduction section, method section, and reference list o Part 2 should contain a title page, abstract, results section, discussion section, and reference list o You are encouraged to change the title of the report from Part 1 to Part 2 submission o The abstract should be no more than 250 words. The abstract is not counted in the word limit of Part 2. • For the results section, tables and figures are not compulsory but can be used. Any tables and figures must be situated in the body of the report and will count towards the word limit, not located at the end of the document. No appendices should be used. The reference list for each half-report should only contain the citations from that half-report. Penalties • Late penalty: if special consideration has NOT been granted, a 12-hour grace period will be given (including on weekends and/or public holidays) after which the following deductions will be applied to the awarded assessment mark: 12 to 24 hours late = 10% deduction; for each day thereafter, an additional 10% per day or part thereof will be applied until five days beyond the due date. After this time, a mark of zero (0) will be given. • Word limit penalty: You can write an additional 99 words over the 800 word limit, per submission, without penalty. A penalty of 5% of the maximum mark will be deducted for every additional 100 words over the limit, with penalties commencing at 900 words (per half report). Submission instructions The research report must be submitted electronically via the Turnitin link on iLearn. Turnitin is antiplagiarism software that will compare your paper to your classmates’ papers, papers from previous students at Macquarie University and other universities, as well as to ALL material on the Internet (., the articles you will be citing, miscellaneous websites, etc.). You should take note of the similarity index of their report when it is uploaded (note that it can take up to 24 hours for the Turnitin report to be processed). 4 You can delete and re-upload your report up until the submission deadline. You should be aware that iLearn and Turnitin can lag when large numbers of students are uploading documents at the same time. Submission time for assignments will be counted as the time the assessment was received, not the time the uploading began. Because of this, make sure you don’t leave your submission to the last minute! Late penalties will strictly be applied as outlined in the unit guide. ways: (a) drag and drop the file from your computer or (b) click the folder icon and navigate to where in your computer the file is located. Note that either text (. .doc or .docx) and PDF files are . Example research reports Looking at example APA-formatted research reports is a really good idea to help you see what a report should look like. Example part 1 research report (click here to download PDF): this is an example report that we have put together from a previous offering of STAT1103/STAX1103. This will give you a good idea of what your Part 1 report should look like. Example part 2 research report (click here to download PDF): this is an example report that we have put together from a previous offering of STAT1103/STAX1103. This will give you a good idea of what your Part 2 report should look like. You can also have a look at an annotated APA paper (click here to download PDF) from the official APA people. Note that this has some requirements that you don’t need to follow (for example, a running head is not necessary for you), but it’s a great example of a real-life psych research paper. . Report marking rubric Rubrics and marking criteria will help you to know the standards that we’re expecting for the research report. Firstly, a general research report rubric (click here to download PDF) that applies across many different psychology units. Use this throughout your undergrad psych studies, especially looking at the excellent grades (D/HD) to get an idea of what exceptional reports look like. Part 1 marking rubric Part 1 of the report will be marked out of 15 on a specific numeric scale: you will receive either a mark of 15, 10, 5, or 0 for Part 1 of the research report. • Mark of 15: Excellent work! You have made an excellent effort at your title page, introduction, and method section. This report has all or most of the necessary elements, follows APA conventions mostly, and is written clearly and generally expressed well. Some improvement can be made for Part 2 but this is a great first submission. • Mark of 10: Good effort, this report mostly meets the expected standard for a first try. Most of the important elements are there, although there is further work is needed. Take feedback on board to improve for Part 2. • Mark of 5: Below standard. There is something substantial missing from this report. Significant work is needed to improve and significant revision of the requirements and standards. Put in serious effort to improve for Part 2. • A mark of 0 will be awarded if no report is submitted (or no serious attempt). We know learning to write a report in psychology can be tricky, which is why the marking criteria for Part 1 doesn’t expect you to get it perfect from the start – try your best and take on board the feedback so that you can do better in Part 2! Part 2 marking rubric A Part 2 marking rubric will be made available closer to the Part 2 submission time. Macquarie University Library Watch this video for an introduction to the Library’s services • MQ Library provide a Psychology-specific Libguide have a look at all the resources there, especially on the ‘Undergraduate Resources’ section of that site • MQ Library runs workshops to help students, including some specific to APA referencing, paraphrasing, and academic writing • MQ’s StudyWise, an iLearn site with lots of helpful uni study and assignment tips – for example, click on “Research Report” on this page • MQ’s WriteWise program, peer writing support program to help academic writing APA Website and Resources • APA Style website has informative pages, videos, as well as lots of other links (some of which are below). It’s a fantastic (and free!) resource! • APA Academic Writer is a great tool from the APA people with quickguides, tutorial videos, etc. all about writing in APA style. You can also access this through Leganto. • This APA Student Paper Checklist is very useful for covering the report from start to finish! • This APA website has tips on using PsycINFO database effectively Textbooks • The How to Write Psychology Research Reports and Essays book is set as a recommended text precisely to help you write your research report! • Chapter X1. Presenting your Research from the Research Methods in Psychology textbook Library Skills Resources? The team from the Library Learning Skills have put together these documents to help you write your research report! • APA referencing slides • APA exa‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍mple annotated research paper • Building your argument notes I going to addit all this paper with the link please following all the instruction

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