Discuss 3 ways that counselors can promote or advocate for “Social Justice” for persons with disabilities.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a psychology discussion question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.1. Chapter 29: Discuss 3 ways that counselors can promote or advocate for “Social Justice” for persons with disabilities. please respond to the post below discussion #6One way that counselors can advocate and help these individuals would be first to get them some self-esteem coping to help them boost their confidence and self-worth. The individuals in this population tend to have feelings of self-hatred, anger and possess self-destructive behavior. Focusing on their confidence and self-worth will allow them to be more confident in who they are and allow them to be more successful. This will allow them to have the capability and confidence to complete daily tasks and boost their mood and self-esteem. Another aspect of their lives that counselors can focus on and assist with would be employment and their socioeconomic status. These individuals tend to fall in the unemployed population and a lower socioeconomic status so advocating to hire these individuals will help them be more successful and allow them to get on their feet and build their confidence in themselves and in their life. Lastly, a simple task that counselors can perform to help these individuals is write a letter or go to a legislature meeting to speak on or elaborate on these struggles for this population and share the message of what they are dealing with to advocate for the population and help them rebuild and remain confident in themselves and their life.2. Chapter 25: What are some implications of working with clients with obesity and how might you address these in counseling? please respond to the post below discussion #8. Some of the biggest implications when working with individuals who are obese would be the individual’s mental health and self-esteem. Before anyone works with them or even gets to know them these are huge implications. The individual may already be self-conscious or have decreased mental health due to their circumstances and where they stand health wise. This will have a huge effect on their treatment and how they act towards anyone trying to help or motivate them because they may not take that route very well already being self-conscious, upset and diminished mentally. These two implications are a big reason why having any type of mental health counseling involved in their treatment plan would benefit them in a huge way. Another big implication when treating or working with this population who has become much more prevalent would be their socioeconomic status. Studies suggest that obesity is more prevalent among individuals that fall in the lower socioeconomic status and with a lower level of education. A lot of times when individuals lack education and fall in the lower end socioeconomically, they are already intimidated or diminished when they must go to someone that they know is more educated and of a higher socioeconomic status. These 3 psychosocial implications are very delicate implication that need to be treated with lightly when working with individuals who are obese.3. Chapter 27: Identify 3 areas for the assessment of older adults and how might a counselor address these? please respond to the post below discussion #9.There are many factors that play a part in treating and trying to assist an elderly individual and assess them. The three that I find are very important, among many others, are the social aspects of the individual’s life like their living conditions and personal support system. Being able to be flexible in the testing and assessment of the individual and lastly the qualitative indices are sometimes more important than the quantitative indices when testing and assessing these individuals. The counselor needs to address these things and take them into consideration when assessing an elderly because it will adjust how they respond and react as well as how the counselor diagnoses the data and results. Taking their living conditions and personal support system into account is important, if they have a support system with them at home it will benefit the support system to come to a session or more so you can show the elderly individual as well as coach up the support system so when they are at home, they can continue enhancing the individual’s life while not at a session with the counselor. Being flexible in the testing and assessment is essential because the elderly individual may not cognitively understand the task or test being administered or may not fully understand the parameters being used. Being flexible will allow a more positive environment and keep the elderly individual happy while taking the test instead of stressed because they messed up and will be yelled at or aggressively coached to do it correctly. Lastly, sometimes it is more helpful to focus more on the quality of the task being performed instead of the quantitative data. For example, an elderly person walking up some steps with a railing to assist. If you are timing this task and it takes them a while to get up the steps, longer than it should based on other studies done, but they do it very safely and successfully. Taking the data and seeing that they did it comfortably, safely, and happily in the time completed, the quantitative data shouldn’t mean as much in this scenario. Having these factors in mind when assessing an elderly individual will benefit the counselor, the patient as well as everyone involved in this individual’s life beyond counseling.4. Chapter 28: Discuss at least 3 areas counselors can help military families strengthen their resilience; facilitate reintegration, or coping strategies based on the Family Attachment Network Model. please respond to the post below discussion #10.Three areas a counselor can help military families strengthen their resilience, facilitate reintegration or coping strategies based on the Family Attachment Network Model would be to focus on the parenting strategies and how attached the child is to their parent. Parental attachment can cause many problems because if they are avoided by parents it can result in some very bad behavior and could lead to them rejecting any coping strategies. An area to focus on to help the child cope would be the adaptive coping strategy, this would involve the child or family confronting the problem directly and coming up with reasonable and achievable solutions to the problem of the child having parental attachment issues. The last area a counselor can help the entire family in a situation like this is to focus on the anxiety and the tension that the entire family falls under. Once orders are called in to re-deploy, especially to a combat zone, the entire family becomes anxious and nervous while tensions rise. Trying to address the anxiety once calls come could help the family succeed in the long run. Even when orders aren’t called there can still be some underlying anxiety within the family. The individual serving could be anxious because they know or feel that a phone call is coming, and the family will be anxious because they are awaiting a phone call which can pull the service member back away from them for an extended period. This anxiousness can drive a wedge in the family and make them not appreciate the time they have between deployments because of the anxiousness.
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