Explain the presenting challenge or challenges and primary issue or issues.
Learning Goal: I’m working on a psychology case study and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.As you have been reading, there are multiple aspects of development in the early years, including cognitive, emotional, social, and the development of a sense of self. What are the risk factors in a baby’s life that impede healthy emotional development? How do different parenting styles affect a child’s development of a sense of self? For this assignment, you will analyze a case study that deals with the early childhood stage of development, applying concepts you have learned. InstructionsThe case study analysis should be a maximum of six pages in length, including the introduction and conclusion, each of which should be approximately one half-page in length. The body of the paper should not exceed five pages.Organize your assignment as follows, including headings for each section:Title Page.
Introduction: Include an overview of the contents, with a brief summary and background information on the case study.
Case Study Analysis:Presenting Challenge: Explain the presenting challenge or challenges and primary issue or issues.
Lifespan Theory: Analyze lifespan development theories to determine the most appropriate theory or theories to apply to the case study.
Intervention Process: Apply the appropriate lifespan development theory to support an identified intervention process.
Individual and Cultural Differences: Describe the potential impact of individual and cultural differences on development for the current age and context described in the case study.
Conclusion: A conclusion that summarizes the case study context, challenges, and interventions.
References: Cite a minimum of five current peer-reviewed articles, as well as your course text, to support your assertions.
Additional RequirementsWritten communication: Written communication should be free of errors that detract from the overall message.
APA formatting: References and citations should be formatted according to current APA style and formatting. Refer to Evidence and APA as needed.
Number of references: Your paper should include at least five properly cited peer-reviewed articles in addition to your course text.
Length: 5–6 double-spaced pages of content in addition to the title page and reference page.
Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 points.
Case study: Terry and Bill, married for 5 years, are a Black couple who live in a small suburban community. Terry graduated from high school and worked as a receptionist before her marriage to Bill, a communications company manager. Because both of them believed that mothers should stay at home with young children, Terry quit her job when she had her first child, who is now an intense and active 4-year-old daughter named Dawn. Both parents were very attentive to their daughter and enjoyed caring for and playing with her when she was a baby. As Dawn got older, she became more active and assertive. When Dawn fussed, resisted, or showed frustration, Terry was patient and affectionate with her. She was able to coax Dawn out of her bad temper by making up little games that Dawn enjoyed. Both Terry and Bill liked Dawn’s spirited personality. Because her parents wanted her to have access to playmates, Dawn attended a church-related program for toddlers and preschoolers three mornings a week.When Dawn was 3 years old, Terry gave birth to the couple’s second child, a son named Darren. Soon after the baby’s birth, the family learned that Darren had a congenital heart problem that would require ongoing medical treatment and a specific regimen of care at home. Darren was an irritable baby. He fussed for long periods and was very difficult for Terry to soothe. Because of Darren’s need for medical care and the limitations of Bill’s medical insurance, the couple soon found themselves in financial difficulty. Bill began to take on overtime work at the company to subsidize some of the bills and was away from the home several nights a week and part of each weekend.Terry found the care of two demanding young children and the worries about money to be increasingly more stressful. She was always tired and seemed to have less patience with her family. Although she once had the leisure time to read to Dawn, to take her for walks, and to help her master tasks that proved frustrating, Terry now had to shift her attention to the care of her medically fragile infant. Because Dawn looked so grown-up compared to the vulnerable newborn, Terry began to perceive her daughter as able to do many things for herself. When Dawn demonstrated her neediness by clinging or whining, Terry became abrupt and demanded that Dawn stop. Many battles revolved around Terry’s new rule that Dawn have a nap or “quiet time” each afternoon so that mother and baby could get some rest.One day, Dawn’s preschool teacher, Mrs. Adams, asked to speak with Terry. Mrs. Adams noted that Dawn’s behavior was becoming a problem in the morning preschool sessions. Dawn had begun throwing toys when she became upset and often refused to cooperate in group activities. Terry was greatly embarrassed to hear about her daughter’s misbehavior. Dawn was the only Black child in the small class, and her mother wondered if this was part of the problem. When Terry got home, she put her tearful, clinging daughter in her room for time-out for being bad at school. She loved Dawn, but she could not tolerate this kind of behavior, especially when Darren needed so much of her time. She began to wonder if she and Bill had spoiled their daughter. Terry feared that Dawn would have problems when it came time for her to enter kindergarten if they didn’t take a strong stand with her now.Discussion QuestionsExplain Dawn’s behavior from an attachment point of view. How would you describe Dawn’s attachment history?
Describe Terry’s parenting style. Has the style changed? What suggestions would you make to Terry and Bill about handling this problem?
What are some of the contextual influences on Dawn’s behavior?