Differential reinforcement of incompatible (DRI) behavior
TARGETED TOPICS—PAGE 1 (250 words) (USE BOOKS: APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS OR ETHICS IN APPLIED BEHAVIOR):
Frank is a board certified behavior analyst (BCBA) who works with Changing Directions, an agency that provides community-based mental health services. The agency received a behavior analysis referral from a pediatrician for a 10-year-old boy named Michael. Michael’s mother, Katherine, has had some significant problems with his behavior for as long as she can remember, but these problems have increased over the past 2 years. Michael engages in verbally aggressive behavior at home, including yelling/arguing with his mother and siblings, as well as property destruction in the form of breaking toys, breaking household items, and kicking holes in the wall. Michael has begun to display similar behaviors in the school setting, which has resulted in his mother having to leave work to pick him up. Katherine received a promotion at her current job over a year ago, which has required a significant increase in her work hours and less time with the children. In an initial interview, Katherine reports that she has spanked Michael when he has “acted out” and has tried to reward Michael when he has “behaved well,” but nothing appears to work. Frank conducted a functional behavior assessment (FBA) that indicated that much of Michael’s behavior appeared to serve the function of positive reinforcement in the form of social attention from his mother.
How are antecedent interventions used as a behavior intervention strategy?
Define each of the following:
Differential reinforcement of alternative (DRA) behavior
Differential reinforcement of incompatible (DRI) behavior
Differential reinforcement of other (DRO) behavior
Differential reinforcement of low rates (DRL) of behavior
Based upon the probable function of the target behavior, as determined by the FBA, illustrate the differential reinforcement approach that you feel would be most appropriate to address Michael’s target behavior and explain how you would implement this BIP.
Based upon the readings and the BACB’s Ethics Code, apply the ethical considerations that might impact your choice of intervention in the current scenario.
TARGETED TOPICS—PAGE 2 (250 WORDS) (USE BOOKS: APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS OR ETHICS IN APPLIED BEHAVIOR):
Sherry is a 15-year-old girl diagnosed with autism and severe intellectual disabilities. Her Individualized Education Program (IEP) team met to discuss Sherry’s serious, self-injurious behavior of hand biting that has resulted in significant tissue damage requiring medical attention. Prior interventions attempted by the school staff were response blocking, physical restraint, and mechanical restraint (arm splints). An initial FBA conducted by the consulting BCBA revealed that the apparent function of the hand biting was negative reinforcement in the form of escape from task demands. Based on this assessment, the BCBA developed a differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA) intervention in which Sherry was taught to use her hand to squeeze a stress ball when non-preferred demands were presented. The teacher and other individuals involved with Sherry were trained to allow immediate escape whenever Sherry squeezed the stress ball during instruction. In addition, instructional material was altered so that the learning tasks were easier, with the goal of gradually increasing task difficulty. Baseline data was taken for 10 days, and the DRA intervention was implemented on day 11. On day 21, the BCBA employed a reversal design in which the intervention was stopped to verify that it was indeed the intervention that was responsible for the behavior change.
Unit 5 Discussion Board graph (attached picture)
According to your readings, what are the six primary benefits of using graphs as tools to measure the effectiveness of interventions, and why are they important? Discuss two of the benefits that you feel are most relevant to the current case and explain your reasons for your choices.
Based on your visual analysis of the data in the graph (above), was the DRA effective in reducing Sherry’s hand biting? Discuss the purpose of the reversal design and identify the type of reversal design reflected in the graph.
SCREENING & ASSESSMENT—PAGE 3 (250 WORDS)
For this discussion, you are going to focus on antecedent conditions that influence behavior. Create a scenario and answer the following questions:
Describe discriminative stimuli and how this influences the behavior in your hypothetical scenario.
Describe motivating operations and how this influences the behavior in your hypothetical scenario.
SCREENING & ASSESSMENT—PAGE 4 (250 WORDS)
Ben is a 12-year-old, fourth grade student at a local elementary school. He has been diagnosed with a learning disability and has an Individualized Education Plan (IEP). Ben engages in several behaviors that are viewed as major problem behaviors by his teacher. These behaviors include refusing to follow directions, failing to complete work, not paying attention when the teacher is talking, and making disruptive comments during instructional time. The school protocol is to address these behaviors with office discipline referrals but these do not appear to have an impact on his behaviors.
Choose one specific indirect assessment tool reviewed in Chapter 7 of your assigned reading and describe how that particular tool can be useful in teasing out potentially controlling variables and reinforcing stimuli associated with the target behavior in your hypothetical scenario.
FOR THE SCREENING & ASSESSMENT PAPERS CAN YOU GET ACCESS TO THE BOOK “Conducting School-Based Functional Behavioral Assessments: A Practitioner’s Guide”? IT IS A PDF FILE ON MY SCHOOL LIBRARY. I AM NOT SURE HOW TO GIVE THAT INFORMATION.