Identify an organizational issue that, if addressed, could positively impact organizational effectiveness or outcomes.

To practice the process of conducting a gap analysis, complete the Blooming Park: Gap Analysis media activity before you begin this discussion activity.
Then review the examples of gaps provided on the second page of the Gap Analysis Worksheet and Example [DOCX]. Apply this week’s readings and what you learned in the media activity as you complete the Gap Analysis Worksheet. Remember to:
Identify an organizational issue that, if addressed, could positively impact organizational effectiveness or outcomes.
Justify your selection of the elements that are part of the problem, process, or program and your decision to frame the gaps the way you did. Use data to support your descriiption of the gaps.
Be careful not to include solutions to the problem or elements of the problem in your worksheet.
Use your Creswell and Creswell Research Design text to complete the following:
In Chapter 2, “Review of the Literature,” read the following sections:
“The Use of the Literature,” pages 25–28.
Bear in mind that for an action research study or applied improvement project, the use of the literature review will be slightly different. However, the expectations regarding length and number of resources are similar.
“Design Techniques,” pages 29–44.
“Steps in Conducting a Literature Review,” pages 29 and 30.
“Searching Computerized Databases,” pages 30–32.
Note the research tips provided on page 32 and reiterated here:
Use the free online literature databases as well as those available through your academic library.
Even if you feel that your topic is not strictly education or psychology, search several databases such as ERIC and PsycInfo. Both ERIC and PsycInfo view education and psychology as broad terms for many topics.
Use terminology guides such as thesauruses or glossaries to help locate your articles.
Find an article with a similar topic, then search for the terms used to describe that topic.
Use databases that provide access to full-text copies of your articles (through academic libraries, your Internet connection to a library, or for a fee) as much as possible so that you can reduce the amount of time searching for copies of your articles.
“A Literature Map of the Research,” pages 33–35.
See figure 2.1 for an example. You may wish to develop a small literature map for the annotated bibliography portion of your course project.
“Abstracting Studies,” page 36.
“Style Manuals,” page 38.
“The Definition of Terms,” pages 40 and 41.
Note the different approaches for different research approaches and the contrasting examples of operational definitions for a quantitative study’s variables, and procedural definitions for qualitative terms, 2.3 and 2.4, on page 43.
In Chapter 3, “Use of Theory,” “Quantitative Theory Use,” read pages 49–61.
Pay particular attention to the discussion of variables and causality in quantitative research. The ability to establish causality is a key differentiator of quantitative research.
In Chapter 6, “The Purpose Statement,” read pages 122–125 (Examples 6.4–6.7) on purpose statements in quantitative research.
You will not be conducting research, but this discussion of the purpose statement provides additional insight into how to think about qualitative research designs and studies.
In Chapter 7, “Research Questions and Hypotheses,” read pages 135–140 (Examples 7.1–7.7).
These examples address how research questions are designed in qualitative research.
Read Chapter 8, “Quantitative Methods,” pages 147–176.
As you read this chapter, bear in mind that you will not be expected to conduct a quantitative study. However, as a practitioner, you will need to be able to understand how a quantitative study is constructed, executed, and how conclusions were reached.
In other words, you will need to evaluate the study in terms of its purpose, design, how it was conducted, and the credibility of its conclusions. If the study’s setting and research questions have relevance for your organization, you will also need to assess the study’s potential to inform planning and/or decision making.
Use your Stringer and Ortiz Aragón Action Research text to read the following:
In Chapter 2, “Action Research: The Theory Behind the Practice,” pages 60–70.
This chapter addresses the use of literature in action research, which doesn’t appear in the Creswell and Creswell text.
Go to the Capella Library and access Pyrczak and Oh’s Making sense of statistics: A conceptual overview (7th ed.) (2018) to read the following chapters introducing fundamental concepts when applying statistics:
Chapter 3, “Scales of Measurement,” pages 16–20.
Chapter 4, “Descriiptive, Correlational, and Inferential Statistics,” pages 21–23.
Chapter 5, “Introduction to Sampling,” pages 27–31.
Chapter 6, “Variations on Sampling,” pages 32–37.
Chapter 7, “Sample Size,” pages 38–42.
Chapter 11, “The Mean: An Average,” pages 59–63.
Chapter 12, “Mean, Median, and Mode,” pages 63–68.
Chapter 14, “Standard Deviation,” pages 74–78.

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